The integral renovation project of Mogel began in 2006, when the residents, represented by a neighborhood committee, proposed to improve the accessibility of the neighborhood as well as the accessibility of the residential buildings. As a result of this proposal, the town council of Eibar undertook the installation of escalators and a public lift in the neighborhood, which improved the internal accessibility of the neighborhood and the access to it.
After several years of work, the lift installation project transformed into an integral renovation project. Apart from the lift installation, an energetic efficiency improvement of the residential buildings is proposed. This would be achieved primarily by improving the building cover as well as the installation of a system for sanitary hot water production by means of solar panels.
The aim was to double the effect in the implementation of the technical building code for new buildings regarding the data associated to cover losses. In order to achieve that, the Housing Department of the Basque Government, through the town council of Eibar, finances the project with 2.800.000 euros, aimed at the owners who will carry out the rehabilitation works.
Furthermore, with the incorporation of the project into the European program “ZenN - nearly Zero energy neighborhoods”, the neighborhood of Mogel, together with other projects in Grenoble, Malmo and Oslo became part of an ambitious project of energy renovation.
Since 2011 the commission of neighbors, in collaboration with the town council and Debegesa, has worked to achieve the renovation goals. The team also includes the project redactors, legal advisors and the construction company.
In October 2012, 15 of the 21 residential communities of the Mogel neighborhood decide to continue with the comprehensive retrofitting project, including the works on the lift installation and improvement in energy efficiency of their buildings. The work was completed in December 2014.
In 2014, five residential communities that previously had decided not to join the project, reconsidered their decision and decided to drive the retrofitting works in their building. Consequently, the neighbors applied for funding through Renove Programme of the Basque Government in order to enable the retrofitting. In addition to that, two buildings outside the delimitation of the neighborhood, are considering to retrofit their buildings in a comprehensive manner and have applied for the same aid from the Basque Government.
It is interesting to see how a change of mind of some neighbors can provoke a change of opinion within a whole community and makes a residential community promote the comprehensive retrofitting of their building. Another interesting question is why neighbors located outside the neighborhood, in a perimeter street, are also considering to go through with the retrofitting process.
We believe that several reasons have caused the change of mind.
- The neighborhood has been transformed and the retrofitted buildings are clearly improved. The residents are pleased, feel more comfortable at home, and their quality of life has increased.
- The continuity of ZenN Program together with the Renove Programme of the Basque Government provides the residential community with important economic aid that can permit the economic viability of those comprehensive retrofitting works.
- Substantial cooperation and support from stakeholders. The successful team is led by a neighbor´s Committee and consists of representatives of the Council and Debegesa as well as the technical team, the building company and the Legal Advice Company which continuous collaborating with them.
An important success factor is that the residents throughout the whole process have been well informed about the technical and economic aspects of the project. The information has been distributed by general assemblies with the neighbors, meetings with the presidents of the communities, meetings in the blocks, an information tent in the neighborhood, e-mails and press work.
Location: City of Eibar, Basque country, Spain.
Neighborhood profile: The neighborhood of Mogel is a 1950’s residential development of 21 buildings on a sloped terrain. The neighborhood is included in the Catalogue of Cultural Interest Items incorporated in the Planning Regulations of Eibar. The buildings are five stories high except for one of them, which is three stories high. Construction consists of a mix concrete framing and wooden beam floors. The ground floor walls are composed by a single layer of load bearing stone, and the rest of the façade is a cavity brick wall. The roof structure is made of wood. The buildings have not had any major renovation. Most owners (around 90%) have installed double glazing windows on an individual basis.
The population structure is mainly low-medium income; with a mix of old time residents, third age and young couples. Half of the population is over 50 years old.
Building uses: Residential only
Property Structure: Property in Mogel reflects the typical situation of the Spanish residential stock. Property is very fragmented, with individual owners occupying their house, or renting it to tenants. Common decisions are made at building level, and common actions require agreements from 100% of the owners. There is a Commission representing interests from all owners in the area, but they are not empowered for decision making.