The district and the building stock
The district has been very punished by the deindustrialization process that started in 1995. Nowadays the unemployment rate is about 30% several points higher than the rest of the city, compared to other municipalities, the rate of unemployment of this district is about 10% higher. There is a mixture of local and immigrant population with limited economic resources and a very low academic level.
The buildings are in an urban area particularly degraded. It´s an area composed of dwellings groups built mostly at the beginning of the 20th century in Sestao downtown, near to a industrial zone, with the objective to host and give a residential possibility to the Altos Hornos (Blast Furner) workers. But, in fact they were built on wood and long back fund structure, resulting in poorly ventilated interior rooms, and without natural light distributions.
The building stock consists of residential buildings, most of the buildings have private owners, but there are a few public buildings. Most of them with a bad conservated wooden structure and about 80-100 years old.
The current economic situation, particularly acute in Sestao as it is one that holds the highest unemployment rate in the area. The majority of buildings on which we act are private property and requiring refurbishment is complete so it poses for each neighbor a major financial effort (even with support).